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Medical Dictionary

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An alphabetical listing of General terms and items.

 
UFV   Dico Tools
UFV (Ultrafiltration volume) of the dialysis patient represents the amount of fluid removed in a dialysis session.


Ulcer   Dico Tools
A sore on the skin surface or on the inside lining of a body part, such as the mouth or stomach.


Ulcerative Colitis   Dico Tools
An inflammatory disease of the inner lining of the gut that usually involves the colon or rectum. (See also inflammatory bowel disease).


Ulna   Dico Tools
Latin = elbow or arm; hence, the medial bone of the forearm.


ULTRA-RAPID VIROLOGICAL RESPONSE (URVR)   Dico Tools
Undetectable HCV RNA at Week 2 of treatment.


ULTRASONOGRAPHY (ULTRASOUND)   Dico Tools
A method of visualizing the internal parts of the body, or a fetus within the uterus, using sound waves.


Umbilicus   Dico Tools
Latin = the navel.


Umbo   Dico Tools
Latin = the boss on the centre of a shield, umbo of tympanic membrane.


UNBLINDED   Dico Tools
See blinding.


Uncinate   Dico Tools
Latin uncinatus = hooked.


UNCONTROLLED TRIAL   Dico Tools
A clinical trial in which all participants receive the experimental treatment and none receive a standard treatment or placebo for comparison.


Uncus   Dico Tools
Latin = hook; adjective - uncinate.


UNDETECTABLE (UNQUANTIFIABLE)   Dico Tools
A term used to describe a viral load (amount of viral RNA) that is below the level of detection of the test being used.


Ungual   Dico Tools
Pertaining to Latin unguis = finger-nail.


UNIVARIATE ANALYSIS   Dico Tools
A statistical analysis that takes into account a single factor or variable.


UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS   Dico Tools
Techniques used by health-care providers (e.g., use of gloves and face masks, proper disposal of used syringes) to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.


Unopposed Estrogen   Dico Tools
Estrogen taken without an accompanying progestogen (see Menopause).


UNOS (United Network Of Organ Sharing)   Dico Tools
A non-profit organization that runs the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network which oversees the fair distribution of organs for transplantation.


Unsaturated Fats   Dico Tools
Fatty acids in which some of the hydrogen atoms in each molecule have been replaced by double bonds; includes monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (see High Cholesterol).


Urachus   Dico Tools
Greek ouron = urine, and echein = to hold, hence the canal connecting the bladder and umbilicus in the foetus.


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Ureter   Dico Tools
Greek oureter = passage from kidney to bladder.


Ureters   Dico Tools
The two tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder (see Urinary Incontinence).


Urethra   Dico Tools
Greek ourethra = passage from bladder to exterior.


Urethral Hypermobility   Dico Tools
Movement of the urethra out of place when abdominal pressure increases, leading to stress incontinence (see Urinary Incontinence).


Urethritis   Dico Tools
An inflammatory condition of the urethra (the tube through which the urine travels from the bladder to the outside during urination).


Urgency   Dico Tools
A type of incontinence in which a person feels a sudden and uncontrollable need to urinate or defecate (see Urinary Incontinence).


URSODIOL (brand Name ACTIGALL)   Dico Tools
A bile acid derived from bears that is being studied as a treatment for HCV.


Urticaria (hives)   Dico Tools
An itchy rash of usually short duration (see Allergies).


Uterus   Dico Tools
Latin = womb.


Utricle   Dico Tools
Diminutive of Latin uterus = womb.


Uvea   Dico Tools
Latin uva = grape. The pigmented vascular layer of the eyeball (iris, ciliary body and choroid).


Uvula   Dico Tools
Diminutive of Latin uva = grape.



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