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Technology Dictionary

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An alphabetical listing of General terms and items.

 
Backup   Dico Tools
A backup is an extra copy of your work, eg documents, pictures etc, saved onto a removable storage medium such as CD, DVD or magnetic tape, so that if your computer is stolen or breaks down you don't lose everything. Backup is a noun, back up is a verb.


Backwards-compatible   Dico Tools
A program (or system) designed to work with data generated by earlier versions of itself, even though the format may since have changed completely.


Bandwidth   Dico Tools
A measure of total amount of data transferred over a period of time, often used to measure how busy a website is. A webhost will usually base its charges on the bandwidth a website uses, ie how much data per month is requested from it.


BCS   Dico Tools
Business Controlling System: It is an Enterprise Resources Planning System (ERP System), it is created and developed by NSD Company. This system is intended for a small and Medium Enterprises,  it was developed based on a best business practice. It is a windows platform system using MS SQL Server as Data Base. The applications included on the standard package of NSD BCS are:   1- Human Resources  2- Financial 3- Sales and Distribution including a point of sale system (POS)  4- Project Management 5- Logistics (Procurement, Warehouses Management, Inventory...)..........    


BCS   Dico Tools
  Business Controlling System: It is an Enterprise Resources Planning System (ERP System), it is created and developed by NSD Company. This system is intended for a small and Medium Enterprises,  it was developed based on a best business practice. It is a windows platform system using MS SQL Server as Data Base. The applications included on the standard package of NSD BCS are: 1- Human Resources  2- Financial 3- Sales and Distribution including a point of sale system (POS)  4- Project Management 5- Logistics (Procurement, Warehouses Management, Inventory...)..........  


Biometric   Dico Tools
A system that examines biological things like fingerprints or retinas, usually for security purposes.


BIOS   Dico Tools
(Basic Input/Output System; pr. "by-oss") A program built into every PC for setting up very basic things, like how many hard and floppy disks you have and what type they are; the first thing that loads when you start your PC. You usually only need to access the BIOS if you are upgrading your hardware, eg adding more RAM or an extra disk drive, or setting a power-on password. BIOS settings are stored in a special type of memory called CMOS.


Bit   Dico Tools
The smallest unit of information in a computer, can either equal 0 or 1. Eight bits equal one byte.


Bitmap   Dico Tools
(BitMaP) A standard type of graphics file. An uncompressed format, so the files tend to be fairly big.


Blog   Dico Tools
(weBLOG) A website documenting someone's life and/or thoughts.


Bmp   Dico Tools
(BitMaP) A standard type of graphics file. An uncompressed format, so the files tend to be fairly big.


Board   Dico Tools
A circuitboard which can be inserted into an expansion slot on the PC's motherboard, to give the PC extra capabilities. Common examples are sound cards, graphics cards and network cards.


Boot   Dico Tools
Usually used to mean "start up the computer". Literally, the process of loading up the operating system and getting the computer ready for use. See Reboot. A "boot password" is a password you have to give to start up the computer.


Boot Disk   Dico Tools
A floppy disk which holds a copy of the operating system, or enough of it to start the computer, useful if the computer won't start up properly from the hard disk. Because modern operating systems are so large, these days it is often a boot CD rather than a floppy.


Bot   Dico Tools
(roBOT) A semi-automated program, usually performing a function on the internet such as indexing webpages or sorting email.


Bps   Dico Tools
(Bits Per Second) A measure of how quickly information is being transferred, usually via a modem or network. Divide by ten to get an approximation of the number of characters per second (cps). See also Kbps, Mbps.


BRB   Dico Tools
(Be Right Back) Internet slang.


Broadband   Dico Tools
Internet access over a connection much faster than an ordinary modem, such as ADSL or cable.


Browser   Dico Tools
A program used for viewing World Wide Web pages on the Internet. The most widely used is Microsoft's Internet Explorer, because it is built-in to Windows.


BTW   Dico Tools
(By The Way) Internet slang.


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Buffer   Dico Tools
A temporary storage area for data, often used to "smooth out" incoming audio or video streams. Several seconds worth of material is stored in the buffer and it is then played back from there, so that if there is a brief interruption in the stream your music or video doesn't stop.


Bug   Dico Tools
Error, especially in a program, that has been missed in testing. The story goes that the original bug was an insect that got itself cremated inside an electrical circuit in an early computer, causing it to fail (and I don't suppose the insect enjoyed it much, either). It took them ages to figure out what was causing the problem, and when they eventually found the bug the story passed into legend.


Bulletin Board   Dico Tools
A semi-public area which computer users can connect to using a modem, to read and post messages and/or exchange files. Now largely replaced by websites.


Burn   Dico Tools
Create a CD or DVD.


Byte   Dico Tools
A basic unit of measurement for pieces of information; the space required to store one character. See also Bit, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte.



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