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Business Dictionary

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An alphabetical listing of General terms and items.

 
Back Office   Dico Tools
the administrative staff of a company who do not have face-to-face contact with the company's customers.


Back Pay   Dico Tools
Pay that is owed to an employee for work carried out before the current payment period and is either overdue or results from a backdated pay increase.


Back-to-back Loan   Dico Tools
An arrangement in which two companies in different countries borrow offsetting amounts in each other's currency and each repays it at a specified future date in its domestic currency. Such a loan, often between a company and its foreign subsidiary, eliminates the risk of loss from exchange rate fluctuations.


Backup   Dico Tools
a period in which bond yields rise and prices fall, or a sudden reversal in a stock market trend.


Bad Debts   Dico Tools
Money owed to you that cannot be collected.


Balance   Dico Tools
The amount of money remaining in an account.


Balance Of Payments   Dico Tools
A list of a country's credit and debit transactions with international financial institutions and foreign countries in a specific period.


Balance Of Trade   Dico Tools
The difference between a country's exports and imports of goods and services.


Balance Sheet   Dico Tools
An itemized statement that lists the total assets and total liabilities of a given business to portray its net worth at a given moment in time.


Balanced Budget   Dico Tools
A budget in which planned expenditure on goods and services and debt income can be met by current income from taxation and other central government receipts.


Balanced Investment Strategy   Dico Tools
A strategy of investing in a variety of types of companies and financial instruments to reduce the risk of loss through poor performance of any one type.


Ballpark   Dico Tools
an informal term for a rough, estimated figure. The term was derived from the approximate assessment of the number of spectators that might be made on the basis of a glance around at a sporting event.


Bank Card   Dico Tools
a plastic card issued by a bank and accepted by merchants in payment for transactions. The most common types are credit cards and debit cards, although smart cards have been introduced. Bank cards are governed by an internationally recognized set of rules for the authorization of their use and the clearing and settlement of transactions.


Bank Guarantee   Dico Tools
a commitment made by a bank to a foreign buyer that the bank will pay an exporter for goods shipped if the buyer defaults.


Bank Statement   Dico Tools
A monthly statement of account which a bank renders to each of its depositors.


Banker's Draft   Dico Tools
a bill of exchange payable on demand and drawn by one bank on another. Regarded as being equivalent to cash, the draft cannot be returned unpaid.


Bankruptcy   Dico Tools
The condition of being unable to pay debts, with liabilities greater than assets.


Barren Money   Dico Tools
Money that is unproductive because it is not invested.


Barriers To Entry   Dico Tools
Conditions that create difficulty for competitors to enter the market. For example, copyrights, trademarks, patents, dedicated distribution channels and high initial investment requirements.


BCS   Dico Tools
  Business Controlling System: It is an Enterprise Resources Planning System (ERP System), it is created and developed by NSD Company. This system is intended for a small and Medium Enterprises,  it was developed based on a best business practice. It is a windows platform system using MS SQL Server as Data Base. The applications included on the standard package of NSD BCS are:   1- Human Resources  2- Financial 3- Sales and Distribution including a point of sale system (POS)  4- Project Management 5- Logistics (Procurement, Warehouses Management, Inventory...)..........


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BCS   Dico Tools
  Business Controlling System: It is an Enterprise Resources Planning System (ERP System), it is created and developed by NSD Company. This system is intended for a small and Medium Enterprises,  it was developed based on a best business practice. It is a windows platform system using MS SQL Server as Data Base. The applications included on the standard package of NSD BCS are: 1- Human Resources  2- Financial 3- Sales and Distribution including a point of sale system (POS)  4- Project Management 5- Logistics (Procurement, Warehouses Management, Inventory...)..........  


Bear Market   Dico Tools
Is a declining stock market, in which consumer confidence and financial expectations are on a decline and the market continues to lose value.


Benchmarking   Dico Tools
Rating your company's products, services and prac tices against those of the front-runners in the industry.


Bill Of Entry   Dico Tools
A statement of the nature and value of goods to be imported or exported, prepared by the shipper and presented to a customhouse.


Bill Of Lading   Dico Tools
A statement of the nature and value of goods being transported, especially by ship, along with the conditions applying to their transportation. Drawn up by the carrier, this document serves as a contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier.


Bill Of Sale   Dico Tools
Formal legal document that conveys title to or interest in specific property from the seller to the buyer.


Billionaire   Dico Tools
Refers to an individual whose net wealth equals or exceeds one billion dollars or pounds. If the individual has wealth in a currency other than dollars or pounds, the value of wealth is assessed according to general exchange rates.


Black Economy   Dico Tools
Black Economy: The segment of a country’s economic activity that is derived from sources that fall outside of the country’s rules and regulations regarding commerce. The activities can be either legal or illegal depending on what goods and/or services are involved.  As example, a construction worker who is paid under the table will neither have taxes withheld, nor will the employer pay taxes on the his earnings, this case is one of Black Economy.


Black Market   Dico Tools
An illegal market, usually for goods that are in short supply. Black market trading breaks government regulations or legislation and is particularly prevalent during times of shortage, such as rationing, or in industries that are very highly regulated, such as pharmaceuticals or armaments.


Board Of Directors   Dico Tools
Those individuals selected to sit on an authoritative standing committee or governing body, taking responsibility for the management of an organization. Members of the board of directors are officially chosen by the shareholders, but in practice they are usually selected on the basis of the current board's recommendations. The board usually includes major shareholders as well as directors of the company.


Board Of Trustees   Dico Tools
A committee or governing body that takes responsibility for managing, and holds in trust, funds, assets, or property belonging to others, for example, charitable or pension funds or assets.


Bookkeeping   Dico Tools
The process of recording business transactions into the accounting records. The "books" are the documents in which the records of transactions are kept.


Bottom Line   Dico Tools
The figure that reflects company profitability on the income statement. The bottom line is the profit after all expenses and taxes have been paid.


Brand   Dico Tools
A design, mark, symbol or other device that distinguishes one line or type of goods from those of a competitor.


Brand Name   Dico Tools
A term, symbol, design or combination thereof that iden tifies and differentiates a seller's products or service.


Break-even   Dico Tools
The point of business activity when total revenue equals total expenses. Above the break-even point, the business is making a profit. Below the break-even point, the business is incurring a loss.


Break-Even Point   Dico Tools
The point at which revenues are equal to expenses.


Budget   Dico Tools
An estimate of the income and expenditures for a future period of time, usually one year.


Bull Market   Dico Tools
Refers to the state of a market, usually a stock market, or trading group (bonds, commodities, etc.) where financial confidence and expectations are high and the market itself is rising in value.


Business Services   Dico Tools
Services offered to commercial enterprises, such as: equipment maintenance, supplying of part time personnel, engineering, design and management consulting, etc.


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Business Services'services Offered To Commercial E   Dico Tools
Equipment maintenance, supplying of part time personnel, engineering, design and management consulting, etc.


Business Venture   Dico Tools
Taking financial risks in a commercial enterprise.



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